Wednesday, October 09, 2013

Ambu Bag Ventilation: Indications, Contraindications and Complications

Ambu Bag
Ambu bag is an important device or instrument, a part and parcel of emergency or ambulance equipment. Ambu bag ventilation is an essential emergency skill, all the medical professionals should learn how to use ambu bag or how to perform ambu bag ventilation. It offers the basic airway management for the ventilation and oxygenation of the patients until the other definitive airway is established or where the definitive airway management or endotracheal intubation fails.

Parts of Ambu bag

Parts of ambu bag are:
  • Mask
  • Rebreathing bag
  • Oxygen connecting tube
  • Oxygen reservoir
  • Pressure gauze


  • Respiratory failure (it may be failure of ventilation or oxygenation)
  • Failed intubation


  • Upper airway obstruction (absolute contraindication)
  • Paralysis and induction (risk of aspiration)


  • Aspiration
  • Hypoventilation
  • Hyperventilation
  • Pneumothorax- hyperventilation with ambu bag may lead to barotrauma causing lethal complication of pneumothorax (4-15%)

Check the video below:

Here is the question, "What is the abbreviation of Ambu stands for?" Write your answer in the comments.

Keywords: Ambu bag, Ambu bag ventilation, Indications, Contraindications, Complications, Ambulance equipment, Ambu stands for, Emergency equipment, Life saving, 

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